I must admit I was surprised when I learned that Microsoft SQL Server would be availble in Linux. They’ve been pushing the open source initiative hard, but I didn’t expect something this big. Oh yeah, Visual Studio is now available for Mac as well. I just saw a pig flying by.

While MS-SQL is not open source they have made it available to run on open source platforms such as Linux and OSX, which I can imagine took a ton of work. So I decided to take advantage of this new option and try it out. It works great! It took 5 minutes to install. Here’s how you can do it too. Note that you will need a server with 3.5 gigs of RAM for this.

The first thing I always do on an Ubuntu machine is update it

sudo apt-get update
sudo apt-get upgrade

Next we need to import the public repository GPG keys

curl https://packages.microsoft.com/keys/microsoft.asc | sudo apt-key add -
curl https://packages.microsoft.com/config/ubuntu/16.04/mssql-server.list | sudo tee /etc/apt/sources.list.d/mssql-server.list

Next we’ll install SQL Server.

sudo apt-get update
sudo apt-get install -y mssql-server

How to Install SQL Server in Linux

Now we need to run a configuration script to set up the server:

sudo /opt/mssql/bin/sqlservr-setup

It will ask if you want to start the service and if you’d like to start it on boot.

Here’s how you can check if the service is running:

systemctl status mssql-server

How to Install SQL Server in Linux

Install the MSSQL Tools for Linux

To test this out a little, install the MSSQL tools on Ubuntu.

Add in a new repository:

curl https://packages.microsoft.com/config/ubuntu/16.04/prod.list | sudo tee /etc/apt/sources.list.d/msprod.list

sudo apt-get update
sudo apt-get install mssql-tools

Now, Let’s try to connect!

sqlcmd -S localhost -U SA -P '<YourPassword>'

You can run this command to view all your databases:

SELECT Name from sys.Databases;
GO

How to Install SQL Server in Linux

This should look pretty familiar to you if you’ve worked with SQL in the past.

CREATE DATABASE acmewidgets;
GO

Now we need to select that database:

USE acmewidgets;
GO

As a test. let’s create a customer table

CREATE TABLE customer (id INT, firstname NVARCHAR(50), lastname NVARCHAR(50));
GO

Now, let’s put some customers in there:

INSERT INTO customer VALUES (1, 'Lloyd', 'Christmas');
INSERT INTO customer VALUES (2, 'Harry', 'Dunn');
INSERT INTO customer VALUES (3, 'Mary', 'Swanson');
GO

Now, let’s take a look at those customers:

SELECT * FROM customer
GO

How to Install SQL Server in Linux

And it’s that easy! You can run SQL scripts here, or connect to it from SSMS, a traditional ASP site, or a .Net Core site/app. I’ll be doing a lot of ASP.Net core work in the coming months, so be sure to check back here.

To quit from SQL server, type in

QUIT

And you’re done!

I’ll be messing with this some more in the coming weeks and really putting it to the test, and I’ll share my results.

-Jeremy

I also did a YouTube tutorial for this article:

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Published: Dec 6, 2016 by Jeremy Morgan. Contact me before republishing this content.